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OFFICE 365 16 WWW.ILTANET.ORG | ILTA WHITE PAPER Microso Office 365 offers a treasure trove of features to bolster productivity and Azure Active Directory controls access to most. One of the most important decisions you will make when deciding to venture into the Microso cloud is how to synchronize identities and authenticate with Azure Active Directory (AD). Ways to Synchronize There are two ways to synchronize. All Azure AD accounts are classified as either "in cloud" or "synced" with Active Directory. The classifications are self-explanatory, but note the caveats for each. » Synced with Active Directory: A synced account is sourced from the on-premises AD and its properties are synchronized with Azure AD via Azure AD Connect, Microso's free synchronization tool, which matches changes made in AD to the cloud. Synced accounts require a hybrid Exchange server for managing Exchange properties as all changes are made on-premises; and because using ADSI Edit for everyday management tasks is highly inadvisable (and highly unsupported by Microso). In this scenario, users will have a single username/password pair to access Office 365 resources. » In Cloud: An in cloud account is not connected to the user's local AD. While the Office 365 username (generally the user's email address) may match the on-premises user principal name, nothing keeps any of the aributes of those accounts in sync. Passwords can diverge and users may have to remember two sets of credentials. In cloud does not require a synchronization tool and precludes the use of Active Directory Federation Services (ADFS) or any other identity federation tools. by Dominick Ciacciarelli of Kra Kennedy Staying in Sync: How to Choose an Office 365 Authentication Method Staying in Sync: How to Choose an Office 365 Authentication Method

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